What is adoption?


Joint adoption

Joint adoption, both domestic and international, is a legal procedure in which married couples or legally recognized cohabitating partners apply to be qualified as adoptive mother and father of a child or adolescent.

This act of shared responsibility implies that both parents share equal rights and obligations towards the adopted person. Joint adoption is a mutual commitment to provide love, care, and support at every stage of their development and growth. By adopting jointly, parents assume the legal and moral implications of providing a safe environment that ensures comprehensive development, well-being, and protection.

Individual adoption

Individual adoption is a legal procedure in which a single person, regardless of their marital status, applies to be qualified as an adoptive parent of a child or adolescent. This process can be carried out both domestically and internationally. The applicant must meet the requirements established by law, such as being over 25 years old, having family, moral, psychological, social, economic, and health conditions that demonstrate aptitude and willingness to assume the exercise of parental authority, and not having been deprived of or suspended from exercising parental authority, among others.


According to Article 32 of the Special Adoption Law, an individual applicant who is married or in a recognized cohabiting relationship requires the consent of their spouse or cohabiting partner to adopt a child or adolescent, after having been previously advised and informed about the consequences of adoption by the Selection and Assignment Committee of Adoptive Families. In cases mentioned above, the other spouse or cohabiting partner may subsequently adopt the child or adolescent if they meet the requirements established by this Law, in which case the adoption will have all the effects of a joint adoption.


Adoption, according to the Special Adoption Law, can be of a specified or unspecified child or adolescent


Specified child or adolescent

A specified child or adolescent is one who has established proven cohabitation or established affection with the adoption applicants, or there is a blood relationship between the applicants and the adoptable person. Cohabitation implies having lived together for more than one year in a stable home before initiating the adoption process.


Unspecified child or adolescent

An unspecified child or adolescent is one who has not been previously identified by an adoptive family. In these cases, the Adoption Office is responsible, through the entire family qualification process, for finding a suitable parent or parents who can provide the care that the adoptable person needs, always prioritizing the best interests of the child and adolescent.

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